One in six Australian couples will have a fertility issue at some point in their lives and one in 10 couples will have trouble conceiving their second child. You are not alone.
Don’t panic, your fertility journey doesn’t have to be an express service straight to IVF. Some simple changes can improve your chance of conceiving naturally.
It's important to remember the emotions, worries and thoughts you are currently trying to deal with are valid and common. You are not alone. Read on
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The World Health Organisation predicts that infertility will be the third most serious health condition in the 21st Century
We're dedicated to helping you achieve your dream - having a baby. We offer a range of services - from IVF to genetic diagnosis of pre-implantation embryos - all with the aim of easing your journey to successful pregnancy.
Are you a female struggling to conceive? Read through potential reasons why, or learn more about testing options.
With 40% of fertility issues being male related, find out what may be causing you troubles, or learn more about male fertility testing
Genea has a comprehensive suite of genetic screening and testing based on 30 years of leading fertility science. Empower yourself with our preconception through to prenatal testing.
Our intention, driven by 30 years of planning, compassion and research investment, is to put our words into action for you by providing access to high success rates.
Because of the care, technology and expertise we put into your care, we maximise the potential of having a baby.
The Genea blog shares information, thoughts and advice with patients as well as those looking for all things fertility.
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At Genea you will benefit from the work of the best specialists and science, which result in high success rates. Find the right specialist or the clinic that suits you today.
With locations throughout NSW, ACT, WA, New Zealand and beyond, find a Genea clinic which suits you; near work, or close to home.
The experience and science available to Genea’s Fertility Specialists result in high success rates. Browse the Genea Doctor directory now.
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If it's taking longer than you thought to have a baby, come to a free Genea fertility seminar and hear about your options.
Come along to hear local leading Fertility Specialist Dr Mark Livingstone talk about fertility options for the LGBTIQ community
Considering using donor eggs or sperm? Come along to our information seminar with Dr Anthony Marren at Genea Sydney City.
Do you need more information about your fertility and the factors which might be stopping you from conceiving? At our free Fertility Seminars you can hear from a Specialist, ask questions and see the clinic for yourself. Or if you are ready to see a Specialist, check out how to get started through our four Simple steps.
The first step in understanding what's happening with your sperm and finding out why it might not be performing the way you'd like is to conduct a semen analysis.
This area of medicine is called Andrology and it’s essentially the male equivalent of gynaecology. Genea’s andrology diagnostic services are world class with processes and procedures which match World Health Organisation standards and, in some cases, are not conducted anywhere else in the country. In fact, Australia's first sperm microinjection pregnancies were achieved at Genea in 1989 and since then we have maintained our position as experts in treating male infertility.
Testing for male infertility is a very straightforward process and the basic analysis of your semen will examine three factors:
To better understand if male factor fertility could be a reason you are not successfully conceiving, we encourage you to get some answers. A simple sperm test is a great way of finding out if your partner needs tests and the information will help you understand your situation and what next steps to take a little better.
To organise this, please visit our Getting Started page, alternatively, check out our Common questions.
While testing for male infertility can be a straightforward process, not all Andrology labs are created equal, so it makes sense to come to a lab which specialises in this field. Genea Andrology conducts the full gamut of male infertility diagnostic testing and sperm cryostorage and, unlike general pathology labs which conduct sperm testing, scientists in our Andrology lab specialise in this field and only process and evaluate samples which are related to male fertility.
We’ve been conducting sperm diagnostic tests for more than 20 years and currently process approximately 3,000 samples each year in our city lab and a further 2,000 samples across our regional locations - making us the biggest Andrology lab in Australia. So you’re in expert hands.
Our labs are accredited to the highest standard, in fact we were the first in Australia to implement the World Health Organisation 2010 5th Edition - what is now the worldwide gold standard - and we are RTAC, NATA and ISO9001 accredited.
We’ve invented, developed and automated a range of testing to provide more accurate results faster which means your samples are assessed while they’re fresh and you get reliable answers quickly. Our in-house designed Sperm Chromatin Integrity Test (SCIT) gives us the unique capability to run sperm tests using a specifically designed liquid handler robot (we call it STAR) and a high content analyser. Automating the SCIT quintuples the amount of samples that can be tested each day and replaces the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA) performed by other labs.
While scientists using SCSA need at least 5,000 cells to conduct the test and get a result, Genea’s SCIT means we can give detailed results and analysis with just one cell meaning samples with low sperm concentration can still be assessed. Using our SCIT we’re often able to figure out what’s going wrong in cases of miscarriage and failed implantation. Unlike any other clinic, our instrument also contains a camera that takes an image of every part of the sample. In contrast, SCSA only provides a graphical representation of the sample. These technologies are exclusive to Genea and are a first in Australia and, as far as we know, the world.
Another invention of Genea Andrology is an automated method to assess sperm concentration which also uses the STAR robot and the high content analyser. This far more accurate method automatically assesses thousands more cells in comparison to the standard test which relies on a scientist counting the sperm in the sample by hand.
If your doctor orders a semen analysis, our scientists will examine three factors:
A semen analysis provides a relative measure of semen quality compared to the general population of proven fertile men. The sample will be assessed for unusual amounts of debris (pieces of dead cells), suspected presence of bacteria, clumping of the sperm and for the presence of cells other than the sperm.
Men sometimes produce antibodies against their own sperm. There are a number of potential causes for the production of these antibodies, such as injury to the testes or a previous vasectomy. Sometimes women produce antibodies to their partner's sperm.
Whether it’s inside your body or inside your partner’s what happens is that the antisperm antibodies bind to the sperm and can interfere with the movement of sperm through the female reproductive tract and/or interfere with the sperm's ability to fertilise the egg.
We can perform antisperm antibody testing on blood serum (male and female), seminal plasma, or directly on sperm. While the formation of antisperm antibodies cannot be stopped, the results of this testing can provide your doctor with information about which treatments may be appropriate in order to bypass the stages of the sperm's journey where the antibodies can interfere with fertility.
Fructose is secreted by the seminal vesicles, the gland which contributes the major part of ejaculate volume.
Sometimes insufficient secretion from the seminal vesicles can be an indication of an insufficient amount of androgenic activity in the body (called hypo-androgenism) or infection of the seminal vesicles. In these cases the ejaculate volume is lower than normal and fructose concentration is decreased.
SCIT is a diagnostic tool that is used to calculate fertility potential and provide your doctor with a greater prediction of pregnancy outcomes from your sperm. It tests for DNA fragmentation which can be a factor in miscarriage and male infertility.
Your doctor will receive a report showing your results in one of these ranges:
Sperm can be frozen (or banked) just like eggs and the reasons for considering this option are also similar:
You may also want to freeze sperm before you and your partner start assisted reproductive treatment as a backup just in case you are unable to attend due to travel or other commitments or if you have experienced difficulty collecting a sample.
As we’ve mentioned previously, this test determines whether ejaculation is in fact retrograde and whether sperm can be successfully isolated from the urine for an assisted conception procedure.
If you’ve had a vasectomy your ejaculate should be checked for the presence of sperm as part of your routine follow up post surgery to verify the success of the procedure.
A semen sample is considered free and clear of sperm when it has been three months after the procedure and at least 20 ejaculations have occurred. The procedure is considered successful if the post vasectomy semen analysis shows no sperm (motile or non-motile) on the direct exam or examination of the centrifuged pellet.
A follow-up analysis is also encouraged at six months post surgery and then as advised by your doctor to rule out the possibility of a spontaneous reconnection.
The complete lack of semen despite male orgasm. Not to be confused with Learn more
A suspension fluid produced by males which, at the time of ejaculation, should contain the...
The formal name given to the series of tests run on semen to determine the man’s sperm...
The term sperm refers to the male reproductive cells and is derived from the Greek word...
A semen analysis, measuring the volume of the ejaculate, the density of spermatozoa (sperm...
Complete or absolute infertility. That is there is no chance of natural fertility.
A biopsy of the testis designed to determine the reason behind...