Medical causes

Medical & Family history and hormonal issues

If you had mumps as a teenager, if you’ve suffered a sexually transmitted infection or you believe you might have contracted an STI but haven’t been checked, you might not be aware it’s impacted your fertility. If you’ve experienced either of these issues in your past or any of the issues on the list below, speak to a Genea Fertility Specialist to see if it’s the cause of your struggle to conceive:

  • Urologic surgery;

  • A chronic medical condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure;

  • Previous chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer;

  • Prostate infection;

  • A family history of cystic fibrosis or other genetic disorders; or

  • Hormonal problems

Another less obvious cause of male infertility is problems with your hormones. It’s not very common, affecting less than one in 100 infertile men, but it is worth considering. Sometimes the pituitary gland, located behind the nose and underneath the brain, does not send the right messages to the testes. This can cause low testosterone levels, which means that sperm are not produced. Anabolic (androgenic) steroid use by body builders can also shut off the hormones from the pituitary gland and lead to a low sperm count. A simple blood test can detect most hormonal problems.

Genetic and chromosomal disorders

About one percent of men with very low or zero sperm counts have an extra sex chromosome (X or Y chromosome) or a missing segment of the Y chromosome (male chromosome). This type of genetic disorder is not reversible but in many cases it is still possible to find sperm in semen or from the testes which can be used for IVF through the sperm injection technique called ICSI.

Next steps

As we said above, you may already realise that something in your medical history is the source of your current struggle to conceive with your partner or maybe you just suspect it could be the cause of the problem. Either way, a discussion with a Genea Fertility Specialist is the next step you should take. We’ll work with you to come to a diagnosis and organise any tests which are needed so we can design the best treatment plan for you.

To take the next step and organise an appointment, call us or complete the form below so an we can get in touch with you.


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