One in six Australian couples will have a fertility issue at some point in their lives and one in 10 couples will have trouble conceiving their second child. You are not alone.
Don’t panic, your fertility journey doesn’t have to be an express service straight to IVF. Some simple changes can improve your chance of conceiving naturally.
It's important to remember the emotions, worries and thoughts you are currently trying to deal with are valid and common. You are not alone. Read on
Looking for a range of fertility calculators, images, downloads and ebooks regarding fertility? Our Fertility tools are designed to help you.
The World Health Organisation predicts that infertility will be the third most serious health condition in the 21st Century
We're dedicated to helping you achieve your dream - having a baby. We offer a range of services - from IVF to genetic diagnosis of pre-implantation embryos - all with the aim of easing your journey to successful pregnancy.
Are you a female struggling to conceive? Read through potential reasons why, or learn more about testing options.
With 40% of fertility issues being male related, find out what may be causing you troubles, or learn more about male fertility testing
Genea has a comprehensive suite of genetic screening and testing based on 30 years of leading fertility science. Empower yourself with our preconception through to prenatal testing.
Our intention, driven by 30 years of planning, compassion and research investment, is to put our words into action for you by providing access to high success rates.
Because of the care, technology and expertise we put into your care, we maximise the potential of having a baby.
The Genea blog shares information, thoughts and advice with patients as well as those looking for all things fertility.
Follow our exciting and informative Modern Babies series presented by Genea and NOVA Entertainment
At Genea you will benefit from the work of the best specialists and science, which result in high success rates. Find the right specialist or the clinic that suits you today.
With locations across Australia, New Zealand and beyond, find a Genea clinic which suits you; near work, or close to home.
The experience and science available to Genea’s Fertility Specialists result in high success rates. Browse the Genea Doctor directory now.
Search the list of Genea approved monitoring centres and find one close to your home or work.
Find the Genea locations where you can have a GeneSyte or other pathology testing done.
Find your closest Ovulation Tracking location.
Making babies is easy right? Take Part A, combine with Part B and the rest, as they say in the classics, happens naturally.
But what about if the "rest" isn’t happening naturally? Or maybe you’re just starting out and you’d like to understand a few of the finer points but you realise that you’ve forgotten most of what you learnt in high school biology about reproduction?
Well, Genea’s Conception 101 is coming to your rescue.
First things first, if everything is going to plan then you each bring a very important ingredient to the equation. Women contribute an egg and men contribute sperm.
Are you looking for some clues about why it’s not working or for advice on what to do next? You're not alone. Contact our Fertility Advisors and let them point you in the right direction - towards your goal of a baby.
The first key fact to understand is that women are born with all of their eggs (the largest cell in the body). That’s right, women are born with around two million eggs and by the time they hit puberty around 300,000 remain and that decline continues. Once a month, every month from puberty to menopause, women ovulate, releasing eggs in the middle of their monthly cycle. The whole process is controlled by two glands in the brain - the hypothalamus and pituitary - which tell hormones in your body to trigger certain physical responses. The egg is released from a mature follicle on the ovary (either ovary - it’s random) and travels down the fallopian tube. Fertilisation may occur in the fallopian tube if sperm are present.
The egg survives for about 12 – 24 hours. We go into greater detail about ovulation and your cycle in our Trying to Conceive section.
Men create sperm in the testes and they produce an average of 100 million sperm each and every day. Over approximately three months, these sperm travel a system of tubes called the epididymis, maturing along the way before being released during ejaculation. Interestingly only around four per cent of sperm in an average ejaculation are considered normal and capable of fertilising an egg. After ejaculation, sperm are capable of fertilisation for about 72 hours.
For some other cool sperm and male related facts, take a look at our Male fertility blog and infographic.
After the sperm are deposited into the upper vagina via ejaculation, they must travel through the cervical mucus into the uterus and then into the fallopian tube before they can meet with the egg.
Sperm make this long journey under their own steam (and with some help from upward contractions of the uterine walls). During the trip, sperm prepare themselves to meet the egg by subtle alterations of their heads (acrosome) and movement patterns. When they meet the outer membrane of the egg, the sperm start to burrow through it and then enter the egg itself. At the moment the first sperm successfully penetrates the egg, a reaction is triggered that makes the egg resistant to all other sperm. This single sperm absorbs into the egg, where the genetic material contained in its head fuses with that of the egg. Fertilisation is now complete.
After fertilisation, the combined egg and sperm - now known as an embryo - develops in the fallopian tube for the first three days, then travels down into the uterus. By the fifth day it will become a blastocyst, a hollow ball of cells surrounding a cyst-like cavity. Once the blastocyst breaks free from its shell, or hatches, it is ready to adhere to the surface of the endometrium.
You might be surprised to know that the average fertile couple in their 20s, having regular, unprotected sex, has just a 20 per cent chance of this happening naturally each month. You are at your most fertile around 22-23 years.
Genea Medical Director Associate Professor Mark Bowman shares his Top 10 Baby Making tips, all designed to help you increase your chances of pregnancy:
Don’t leave it too late! Women are born with all their eggs and they decline in both quantity and quality over time. As a result, the chance of a woman conceiving drops sharply in the mid-late 30s to early 40s.`
Formulate a good diet and exercise routine. Women have a higher chance of conception when they are in a normal body mass index range and if either partner is overweight or obese, the chances of pregnancy are reduced considerably. In both men and women a BMI of 18.5-24.9 is considered normal. For further information please review:
The importance of BMI for men
The role of weight and BMI in women
Take appropriate preconception supplements. All women trying to conceive should take supplemental folic acid (folate) to ensure the best chance of a healthy pregnancy. Many women are also deficient in vitamin D and iodine.
Try to have sex about every other day, particularly leading up to the middle of your cycle.
Know your cycle. Women with 28 day menstrual cycles usually ovulate midway between their menses – about 14 days after the start of their period. There are various simple methods of determining when you ovulate and that (and slightly earlier) is the best time to have unprotected sex.
Work out the best time to have sex with our ovulation calculator located on the right of this page
Don’t smoke and significantly curtail alcohol and caffeine consumption. Smoking is toxic to human eggs and has long lasting negative effects even after a woman stops.
Make sure your other half is also well and healthy, is not smoking and also reducing alcohol intake. It takes two to tango.
Remember that your friends and even your mother – are not necessarily fertility experts despite their personal experiences. Their advice might be well meaning, but not necessarily accurate.
Try to relax! Obsessing about conception can be counterproductive and leave you so stressed that it affects your ovulation. Consider any strategies that reduce anxiety and help you remain positive.
Live a normal and happy life. There is no evidence that you need to reduce normal levels of exercise or somehow wrap yourself in cotton wool while you are trying to conceive.
We know it’s often easier to read through information with your partner if it is printed rather than on a screen. Why not order a Genea Fertility Information Pack now to get everything you need all in one place?
Order one now
Increase your chance of getting pregnant by determining when you are most fertile
Enter the date of the first day of your previous 3 periods.
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Based on the data from your last three periods, your next most fertile days will be in
An embryo whose cells have divided into two different types - usually occurs at Day 5 or...
Also referred to as BMI - it is an estimate of the amount of body fat you...
Secretions produced by the cervix that, at the time of ovulation, assist the passage of sperm...
General term for oocyte, the female reproductive cell.
Procedure by which the embryo is placed in the uterus or into the fallopian...
A suspension fluid produced by males which, at the time of ejaculation, should contain the...
The term sperm refers to the male reproductive cells and is derived from the Greek word...
The muscular organ where a fertilised egg, or embryo, attaches and develops. It is the size...